What You Need to Know About Diabetic Eye Exams

diabetic eye exam can be a life and vision saver for a diabetic. Diabetes is a serious disease and one that can be difficult to manage. Medication, proper diet and exercise, and regular medical care can be helpful for controlling blood sugar levels and reducing serious damage to the body. In spite of best efforts, however, sometimes conditions develop that diabetics can find scary and confusing. Diabetic retinopathy is one that can be confirmed in a thorough exam.

What causes diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease in which the optic nerve to the retina begins to deteriorate. High blood sugar can weaken and thin the blood vessels in the eye. High blood pressure, frequently a side effect of high blood sugar, can cause bleeding within the eye as the pressure pushes it through the thin vessel walls. This can cause darkening of vision and untreated, can lead to glaucoma or cataracts or make those conditions worse.

What are the warning symptoms?

There are several things that can lead a person to suspect they have diabetic retinopathy. Although some are also symptoms of other things, a person with diabetes should never overlook any of these:

  • Blurred vision (may also be a sign of uncontrolled sugars)
  • Dark or blank areas in the field of vision or a change in color perception
  • Flashers and floaters or small moving objects in the field of vision
  • Sudden onset of partial or complete vision loss
  • Difficulty focusing, even with glasses

How can a diabetic eye exam help?

An optometrist can perform a series of tests to see how severe the damage is and make an assessment as to possible treatments. The first thing a doctor is likely to do is to dilate the eyes so that the back of the retina can be seen. A special dye is injected that makes the blood glow, rendering it more visible in the pictures that are taken. The doctor typically also checks the pressure in the eye as a baseline to monitor the possible complication of glaucoma. A standard vision test may also be given to judge progress or deterioration of vision during treatments.

What treatments can the doctor perform?

Focus or scatter laser treatments may be administered to help cauterize active bleeds and shrink swollen vessels. There may be injections given in the eye that can help to “dry up” or dissolve the bleeding. If none of these treatments clear the vision field, a vitrectomy may be performed. This procedure essentially removes the debris-filled fluid and scar tissue in the eye and replaces it with clean fluid. The recovery period can be around two weeks.

Conclusion

Prevention through maintaining lower blood sugar levels and getting blood pressure down so it doesn’t cause bleeding in the eye are critical steps to avoiding this potentially blinding disease. Make sure to have a regular diabetic eye exam and go in as soon as possible if any of the above symptoms occur. This will give you the best chance of getting on top of the problem.

Request an appointment here: https://brighteyesny.com or call Bright Eyes Optometry at (914) 730-9574 for an appointment in our New Rochelle office.

Check out what others are saying about our services on Yelp: Read our Yelp reviews.

Recent Posts

4 Important Reasons To Visit An Optometrist

They say the eyes are the windows to the soul, and a good optometrist can help keep seeing through those windows clearer. Maintaining eye health and good vision is an important part of a person’s overall health and well-being. Regularly scheduled checkups can catch problems early on, allowing treatments to have the best chance of…

6 Steps For Getting Used To Contact Lenses

Wearing contact lenses can be life changing for many who have worn glasses in the past. However, contacts can take some time getting used to. In order to get the most out of their wear, users should follow certain steps and tips to ensure comfort and cleanliness.Many people do not enjoy touching the eyes on…

Guide To Regular Visits To The Optometrist

A yearly visit to the optometrist may be something that gets put off. It may happen once due to a schedule conflict and then becomes easier to push to the wayside. People may assume there is no rush because the eyesight seems fine, so there may be little obvious reason to get that initial visit…

Eggs Florentine Anyone? — The Importance Of Lutein And Zeaxanthin

Lutein and zeaxanthin are yellow and red pigments found in yummy vegetables that we eat. Lutein is used in the retina to protect the eye tissue from sun damage. Think of it as an internal layer of sunscreen to protect the center of the vision in the human eye from degenerative aging due to sun…

Recent Posts

Important Reasons To Visit An Optometrist

4 Important Reasons To Visit An Optometrist

They say the eyes are the windows to the soul, and a good optometrist can help keep seeing through those windows clearer. Maintaining eye health and good vision is an important part of a person’s overall health and well-being. Regularly scheduled checkups can catch problems early on, allowing treatments to have the best chance of…

Steps For Getting Used To Contact Lenses

6 Steps For Getting Used To Contact Lenses

Wearing contact lenses can be life changing for many who have worn glasses in the past. However, contacts can take some time getting used to. In order to get the most out of their wear, users should follow certain steps and tips to ensure comfort and cleanliness.Many people do not enjoy touching the eyes on…